There are no seminars in January.
7: Tracing your English ancestors from afar
West Torrens Public Library 1:30 to 3:00pm
21: Coming to grips with FamilySearch WEA
Centre Adelaide 10:00am to 1:00pm
See the seminar program
for more details.
I was very interested in your newsletter with the information about
wills. I had run into the problem of accessing the succession files
too. At that time I had the record of the will but not the actual
will so I had to get a copy of it first to find out whether my mother
or her mother was a beneficiary to the will. I knew my mother couldn't
be as she was born 1929 and her grandfather died in 1921. My mother's
siblings were mentioned in the will but not my Grandmother but they
still wouldn't let me see the Succession Duty files although nearly
every person listed in the will were already dead including the children
of the beneficiaries. At the time I wanted to prove or disprove a
I was able to access the Death Duty and succession files for a granduncle
and it proved invaluable even containing a copy of the birth certificate
of one of the sons in Victoria.
National Archives Adelaide
As reported in the last issue the Director of the National Archives
[NAA] has announced that the Adelaide Office (along with Hobart and
Darwin) would close. Adelaide is likely to close towards the end of
this year to enable the property to be prepared to hand back to the
owners. A petition is being circulated and I urge you to download
a copy, sign it and circulate it for additional signatures
but make sure it is delivered before the 22 January.
More email feedback: Thank you for passing on the petition against
National Archives closure in Adelaide, Darwin and Hobart. It came
at an opportune time as I am on the Committee of the Clan MacLeod
Society of Australia (South Australia) Inc. and as we were involved
in the Celtica Festival at Port Adelaide over the weekend I suggested
we display the petition. We collected 409 signatures from people who
were genuinely shocked and frustrated and were very eager to voice
their dismay at the proposition of the loss of such an important asset
to South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory.
NAA Adelaide Saturday Opening
National Archives [NAA] Adelaide Reading Room dates for Saturdays
in 2010 are:
30 Jan; 27 Mar; 29 May; 24 Jul. 25 Sep; 27 Nov
Records have to be preordered prior to day.
National Archives Adelaide
NAA Adelaide Saturday Opening
Australian Germanic ancestors
5 Windana Mews
Glandore SA 5037
Tel: +61 8 8371 4465
Fax: +61 8 8374 4479
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Adelaide Proformat uses
Genealogist - for UK census, BMD indexes and more online simply because it contains quality data checked by experts.
Proformat News acknowledges the support by
Australian Germanic ancestors
article is dedicated to the Late Dulcie Love whose contribution to
this subject was significant.
Germanic people, predominantly Lutheran, were the most significant
group of European settlers to South Australia in the nineteenth century.
They started arriving as early as 1837 so that by the mid-1860s about
10% of the population was of Germanic origin, out numbering Scottish
The SA Genealogy & Heraldry Society has a Germanic Interest Group
that has met regularly since 1984 under the leadership of Dulcie Love
for much of that time, and is a help group for individuals trying
to resolve their Germanic roots and research.
The Dulcie Love Collection at the SA Genealogy & Heraldry Society
[pictured] contains much information that may assist the researcher.
Essentially the collection is maintained in a series of folders mainly
located on the southern wall of the library at 201 Unley Road, Unley.
Access to the collection is free to members of the Society and reciprocal
access arrangements are available to other capital city family history
societies members. Visitors will have to pay an access fee.
The collection is in colour coded folders. The blue set is not located
on the southern wall but within the General Shipping Section of the
library at SAGHS and contains information about ships including passengers
from German ports into South Australia 1836–1886.
Germanic people arrived in South Australia in a number of significant
• 1838–1841 Lutherans fleeing
• political refugees as result of unrest
in Berlin region
• Wends or Sorbs avoiding racism
• Catholic German settlement founded
at Seven Hill sponsored by the Jesuits.
• 1848–1854 German miners seeking
to better themselves.
It is quite wrong to assume that all German immigrants were fleeing
religious persecution. In the period 1838–1841 it is estimated
that only about 5% of German immigrants were refugees because of religion.
Pastor Kavel and his congregation came from the parish of Klemzig
near Silesia in East Prussia and they represent the Germans fleeing
persecution. They were opposed to the attempts by Kaiser Friedrich
Wilhelm III to bring about a union of the Reformed and Lutheran congregation.
In 1830 he proposed that both traditions adopt a new Agenda or Worship
book as a compromise.
Only a small, albeit determined, group of Lutherans rejected the Union
and the Agenda objecting to
the interpretation of the doctrine of Holy Communion. There was some
harassment of old Lutheran congregation and pastors. Their baptisms,
weddings and confirmations were declared illegal and congregations
were fined. It should be pointed out that technically the persecution
ended when the laws were revoked in 1834 but many Old Lutherans feared
future harassment by the civil service and resolved to emigrate. Kavel,
with the financial help of George Fife Angas, brought the congregation
to South Australia and settled them at Klemzig near Adelaide. Angas
made money on the venture when his investment was returned in land
Pictured: George Fife Angas
In December 1838 Captain Hahn of the Zebra arrived with a
large number of Lutheran migrants from Prussia who settled on land
belonging to Frederick Dutton that they named Hahndorf.
One of the last ships to arrive with religious refugees was the Skjold
in October 1841.
The death of Friedrich Wilhelm III in June 1840 meant that effectively
religious reasons to settle in South Australia changed to economic
reasons and the vast majority of Germans emigrated for a better life.
During the early 1850s more than two thousand German miners migrated
with interest free loans supplied by the Government of Hanover from
the Harz Mountains where mining had become costly, outdated and had
to compete with very low prices. Many of these men found work in South
Australia’s copper mines and smelters. Some of these families
were attracted by the Victorian goldfields while others moved to the
Wimmera district in the 1870s.
Unfortunately no official passenger lists are available for very early
German emigration simply because they were business arrangements outside
the sphere of government and departure lists from German ports have
not survived. Attempts are being made to rectify this and the most
significant work done in this field on the local level are the Blue
Folder reconstituted passenger lists compiled from a range of other
sources. After 1850 copies of passenger lists held by the Hamburg
Archives records are available at the SA State Library and State Records
of SA as Source 1531. Emigrants from Hamburg to Australia
compiled by Eric and Rosemary Kopittke is a series of booklets of
compiled passenger lists, mainly from newspapers dating from 1850
and is a respected resource and should be used in conjunction with
the Blue Folders which are the result of significant research.
A series of Red Folders in the collection called People is
a compilation of clippings, extracts, and research notes on Germanic
people in SA arranged alphabetically by surname. Green Folders focuses
on places settled by Germanic people and includes clippings. maps,
photographs and the names of residents amongst other material. There
are other folders—Black: Research guidelines, Grey:
History and Yellow: Culture and customs.
The material is supplemented by a card index of Germanic Settlers
and an attempt has been made to collate full names, birth, marriage,
death, funeral dates and places, parents' names, spouse name, and
arrival details. The cards are cross referenced to spouses.
SAGHS is also the official public repository for Catholic Parish Registers
and therefore those with Catholic Germanic ancestry will likely find
it necessary to access the church records held in the collection on
fiche. This is because prior to 1875 Catholics were likely not to
register births, but certainly sought baptism. The earliest Germanic
Catholics were centred on Sevenhills and the Catholic Church records
for this parish start in 1849. People quickly moved away from the
area and so other parish records may need to be perused. Early Catholic
Churches and the starting dates for their baptism records are:
Adelaide circuit: Clare, Gawler Mount Barker, Willunga,
South East 1839 to 1853
Adelaide (St Patrick) 1854
Morphett Vale–Marion 1848
Mount Barker circuit: Mt Barker, Macclesfield, Birdwood,
Kanmantoo, Nairne, Strathalbyn, Stirling 1848
Mount Gambier–Penola 1854
North Adelaide circuit: Bowden, Brompton, Dry Creek,
North Adelaide, Prospect
Port Lincoln 1866
Riverton–Marrabel–Upper Murray 1869
Tarlee–Gilbert Valley 1869
Williunga circuit: Normanville, Rapid Bay, Willunga,
The other significant collection of Germanic material is held by the
Lutheran Archives [pictured] at 27 Fourth Street, Bowden. The Lutheran
Archives is the official repository of historical material relating
to the Lutheran Church of Australia (LCA). It holds records of the
present LCA, as well as records of the earlier Lutheran Synods in
Australia which in time amalgamated to form the present LCA. The collection
lacks a comprehensive catalogue and users will usually need to consult
with the archivist to locate the relevant records. The main interest
for family history will be the parish registers although the collection
extends beyond this material. A finding aid known as the Church Records
Computer Database Index has been prepared which allows the researcher
to quickly locate those records which may be useful. The church records
available cover the following synods:
Kavel-Fritzsche Synod (1838–1846)
Langmeil-Light Pass Synod (1846–1874)
Bethany-Lobethal Synod (1846–1863)
Victoria Synod (1856–1921)
Tanunda-Light Pass Synod (1860–1874)
Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Australia (ELSA) (1863–1944)
Immanuel Synod (1874-1921)
General Synod (1876–1921)
Immanuel Synod (1884–1921)
Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Queensland (ELSQ)
United German & Scandinavian Lutheran Synod
of Queensland (1885–1921)
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Australia (1904–1926)
United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Australia
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Australia (ELCA)
Lutheran Church of Australia (LCA) (1966 onwards)
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