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10: Cops, crooks and victims (SA Police in the 1840s), Park Holme Library 10:30am
13: Climbing the genealogy barriers, State Library for Flinders University 9:30am
21: Genealogy on the Web, West Torrens Public Library 1:30pm
See the seminar program for more details.
Adelaide Proformat will be closed from 27 Sep to 27 Oct.
The Australian Newspapers Digitisation Program that will initially be digitising approximately three million pages over four years commenced in July 2007. The web site will cover a range of titles from every state and territory, from the earliest newspaper published in Australia in 1803 through to the mid 1950s.
As part of the project work has started on the South Australian Advertiser. You can view the first pages from mid-1858 to 1861.
Understanding SA shipping records 1
To understand how immigration to South Australia worked in the nineteenth century and what records were generated empowers the researcher's search for material.
Essentially people arrived in several differing ways:
• as government assisted emigrants mainly from the UK and a few from Europe
• as recipients of fare assistance from an NGO
• as fee paying passengers mainly from the UK and Europe
• from another colony via coastal vessel
• overland from the eastern colonies
• as discharged ship crew
• by deserting their ship whilst in port
In this article we are addressing the first two listed avenues and the last two in the list were addressed largely in the article in newsletter #28.
In this issue:
Understanding SA shipping records 1
To understand the records we need to understand the process involved
in migrating to South Australia. Once a family had resolved to emigrate,
they had two options—pay for their passage or seek financial assistance.
1.1836–1839: SA Colonisation Commissioners selected emigrants nominated by land purchasers in England. Scheme was funded from the purchase of land. Adults free; children aged 1–7 £3; aged 8–15 £5The free passengers arriving in phases 1 and 2 of this process are those listed in the Register of Emigrant Labourers Applying for a Free Passage to South Australia 1836-1841. The names of these are available on the CD, Sources for South Australian Shipping Records 1836 to 1842 apart from naming all the emigration applicants, this CD lists all the sources of records for each of the 1500 voyages into SA in this period. Information listed gives the vessel name and voyage details, the sources, and a listing of passengers. You can check out the index online. The CD is available from Gould Genealogy and SAGHS. You can also find hard copy versions at SA State Library, State Records of SA and SAGHS. There are other records held by State Records with copies at the other named repositories covering this era that may name the passenger sought. GRG 56/68/5: Lists of passengers arriving in SA from overseas ports 1836–1845 collates records from a range of sources including newspapers. GRG 56/68/52: Miscellaneous passenger lists Oct 1837–Jul 1839 is a collection of a few of the passenger lists from that period compiled from a range of sources. GRG 41/8: Manifests of incoming ships at Port Adelaide with lists of passengers and crew Feb 1838–Apr 1842 were records maintained by customs and sometimes passengers are named.
South Australia Index 1836–1845 an alphabetical list by surname and the given name or initial matched to a voyage. This index can be seen at State Records [SASR] and SA Genealogy & Heraldry Society [SAGHS] library, but the complete collated collection is only available at the State Library [SLSA]. However, the original records may be elsewhere. Original records with a reference GRG and RN are at SASR while the others are at the SLSA. The key to the index is in the back section of the book where all 67 sources are listed.
Assisted phases 3 to 9 passenger names are indexed and available online at State Records of SA. Just open the side menu labelled searching and select Passenger List Search. Hard copies are also available along with the actual lists at the repositories listed in the above paragraph.
Technically this online search uses GRG 56/68/3 and is an index of GRG 35/48a: List of passengers selected by the Colonisation Commissioners 1847–1886. Concurrent with these records is the indexing of names located in newspapers, GRG 56/68/7: Index of persons arriving in SA from overseas as recorded in the Adelaide Times, South Australian and SA Register newspapers. There are also indexes available at State Records and the other named repositories for the period after 1886 when no government assistance was available. Look for GRG 41/34: List of passengers arriving in SA from overseas 1888–92; 1894; 1896–1940.
The latter phases of arrivals where migration is linked to land means that records developed by the Crown Lands & Immigration Office should also be sought out. These are at State Records:
• GRG 7/39: Index to free colonial nominees—UK and Europe 1876–1879
• GRG 7/44: Index to free colonial nominees—UK and Europe 1876–1879
• GRG 7/47: Application for full passage 1873–1883
• GRG 7/40: Monthly schedule of free immigration certificates 1876–1879
• GRG 7/42: Certificates of nomination for a free passage to SA 1876–1878
• GRG 7/43: Certificates of nomination for a free passage to SA from Europe 1876–1879
• GRG 7/45: Applications by residents of SA for assisted passage for residents of the UK & Europe 1881–1883
• GRG 7/48: Notice of intention to pay balance of passage money 1883
• GRG 35/1: Correspondence of the Crown Lands & Immigration Office 1856–1917. Indexes GRG 35/23 and GRG 35/24
• GRG 44/40: Receipt for Land Orders 1874–85 (issued to those paying full passage)
• GRG 35/407:Land Order warrants 1880–85 (issued to those holding a Land Order on arrival)
Some passengers may be located in the following series:
• GRG 35/48: Immigrant ships' papers 1849–67, 1873–85 (selected passengers were on the payroll)
• SA Govt Gazette Jan 1866 pp75–96: Deaths on board Emigrant ships 1849–1865
Another group of emigrants received assistance from the SA government and other sources and these will be addressed in the next issue of this newsletter.
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