Passengers ex-UK from
Passenger lists have now been extended to 1919 on the AncestorsOnBoard
For years I had been told that all passenger records had been pulped
only to discover recently that the TNA in conjunction with FindMyPast
to release the material online for a fee. A check of the site using known
arrivals into Australia via Fremantle has revealed that as far as passengers
to Australia, the database is far from complete. I also tested the site
using material from Ellis island and found the same applies to the USA.
The message here is that regardless of the records you are using, the
maxim is: a nil result may just mean the record has not been located
rather than the event did not occur!
The National Archives has announced that ScotlandOnline will partner the
UK government's official archive in the forthcoming project to put the
1911 census for England and Wales online.
The 1911 census (document references RG 14 and RG 78) is huge—it
comprises over 8M householder schedules and a further 38,000 enumerators'
books, it details information relating to approximately 35M people then
living in England and Wales.
there will be a phased release of the information that will include images
and transcription data, but without sensitive data as determined
by the Information Commissioner's recent ruling. From 3 January 2012 the
public will have full access. The 1911 census holds more information
than the 1901 census. It is also
the first census where the householder's schedule has remained the master
entry, rather than just the enumerator's notes.
into old family photographs pt 2
To identify a photograph and thus date it requires the researcher to undertake
the following detailed examinations. In the last issue we dealt with:
1. Determining the type of photograph.
In this issue we will look at the
following decade by decade:
2. Analyse the mounting board itself.
3. Examine the back of the mount for printed information.
Step 2: Analyse the mounting board
The board used by photographers can often aid in determining the decade
of the photograph. The researcher needs to be a little cautious as the
studio may be using old stock but busy photographers in the larger centres
would not have this problem not just because they would use up their
stock quickly, but they could not afford to lose a competitive edge over
their nearby colleagues!
1860s: thin white card with square corners
1870s: cream card with rounded corners
1880s: thicker coloured card with rounded corners
1890s: sturdy bevelled edged card with rounded corners
Step 3: Examine the back of the mount
The bulk of the material in the family album will be albumen prints and
to determine their era the mount is an essential feature.
|In the early 1860s the card was thin, with square corners, the
image one step up from an ink stamp
||By 1865 designs such as the ribbon scrolls and crowns, but the main design keeps to the centre.
|In the 1870s the cards were replaced by rounded corners
- easier to slip into the slots albums.
||By the end of the 1870s the design shows further enhancement.
|Initial letters with the name on
a slope, and background scrolls & 3 main fonts are typical
of the early 1880s. Square corners are also evident again.
||A feature of the late 1880s is the growing complexity
of the designs. Patronage was also important. Black also becomes
|1890s feature cherubs, angels, grecian ladies,
art equipment and flowers. Kodak cameras were now available and
the studios had to claim that their product was better than that
||1890s sees the appearance of the
popular postcard but before 1893/4 the item had to be enveloped
and therefore no
provision for the address or stamp. The divided back does not appear
We still need to follow two more steps:
4. Examine the composition of the image—the pose and background.
5. Review the costume of the subjects.
To be continued.
Note: All photographs displayed are
from the family albums of Graham Jaunay. They are currently subject to